Body Armor Ballistic Data

Armor Ballistic Data 

Ballistic data for NIJ Levels 3, 3A and 4

It should be understood by all who use and hope to depend on any ballistic armor hard plates or soft armor materials, that although all armor is certified to standard levels based on the armors expected use, not all situations are the same and even the gov't standards are general guidelines. In the history of body armor, there have been accounts where someone's armor failed to stop the projectile for any number of unknowable reasons.  Shit happens, especially so when bullets are involved!

That being said and now understood, be advised that all of the ballistic data you see here or anywhere else for that matter, are the standard guidelines as tested in "very" controlled conditions and environment. They are NOT guaranteed by any means. 

Weight vs. Ballistic Protection: 

This will always be a personal preference depending on age, size and physical condition. Which is why we here at Outer Armor Tactical have found a way provide you with the lightest and highest ballistic coefficient armor plates that the world's current level of armor technology will allow at this time, and at the same time, at the lowest retail price possible.

We thought long and hard about our offerings and decided to keep it simple. We know the needs of both citizens and law enforcement in this changing world, and based on our extensive knowledge of both hard Metallic armor for military vehicles and composite armor, we chose the best combinations of high-end composite plate armor technology formulae and simplified the choices. We believe our vest packages bring the end user the highest possible value and protection in body armor for the money.

Simply put, the lightest armor able to mitigate high-velocity rifle threats, at the absolute lowest price possible!  

Please click here to read our educated view on AR500 Body Armor

Following pictures are of our R4, Armor Piercing, Level-4 Plate after testing by HP White Labs

30.06 A/P M2 166gr - 2869 fps @ 50 Feet!

Above and below pictures depict the very minimal mechanical Backside plate deformation. Only a bit over 8mm! 

The pictures below depict the clay backstop deformation. Each plate is held against 5.5 inches of malleable clay warmed to human body temperature when shot. What most people do not understand, is that this deeper deformation is not from the backside protrusion in the armor plate as depicted above, but from the sheer kinetic energy that continues through the plate and into the wearer's body. 

 

 

Congressional Research Service 

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers:

In Brief Nathan James Analyst in Crime Policy

January 28, 2016

 

Author Contact Information

Nathan James

Analyst in Crime Policy

njames@crs.loc.gov, 7-0264

 

The Life Cycle of Armor Vests: There are no definitive data on how long an armor vest will last before it needs to be replaced. Many manufacturers offer a five-year warranty on their armor vests, but this is not indicative of the useful lifespan of an armor vest.  Most armor vests are necessarily replaced several times over a law enforcement officer’s career. There are several factors that can lead to the deterioration of an armor vest’s effectiveness wear and tear, the use of dry cleaning solvents, harsh detergents, bleach, and accumulated soap residue, and improper storage and exposure to environmental conditions (such as excessive moisture). Law enforcement agencies also sometimes upgrade vests if they determine that the ammunition threat they face has increased and now exceeds the capacity of the vests issued to their officers. Sometimes an armor vest might have to be replaced if an officer’s weight has changed and the vest no longer fits properly. The age of an armor vest alone does not cause its ballistic resistance to deteriorate. The level of care and maintenance for the vest has been shown to have a greater impact than age.  Brian A. Reaves, Local Police Departments, 2013: Equipment and Technology, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 248767, Washington, July 2015, p. 2, http://www.bjs.gov/content/ pub/pdf/lpd13et.pdf. Matthew J. Hickman and Brain A. Reaves, Local Police Departments, 2003, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 210118, Washington, May 2006, p. 25, http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/ pdf/lpd03.pdf. Heath Grant, Bruce Kubu, and Bruce Taylor, et al., Body Armor Use, Care, and Performance in Real-World Conditions: Findings from a National Survey, Executive Summary, Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, November 1, 2012, p. vi, https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/240222.pdf, hereinafter “PERF, Body Armor Use, Care, and Performance in Real-World Conditions.” Ibid. 24 GAO body armor report, p. 33. 25 U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor, NIJ Guide 100-01, NCJ 189633, November 2001, p. 60, https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/ 189633.pdf, hereinafter, “NIJ, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor.” GAO body armor report, p. 34. 27 GAO body armor report, p. 34. 28 NIJ, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor, p. 60. 29 Ibid., p. 61. 30 Ibid. Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers:

Brian A. Reaves, Local Police Departments, 2013: Equipment and Technology, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 248767, Washington, July 2015, p. 2, http://www.bjs.gov/content/ pub/pdf/lpd13et.pdf. Matthew J. Hickman and Brain A. Reaves, Local Police Departments, 2003, Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ 210118, Washington, May 2006, p. 25, http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/ pdf/lpd03.pdf. Heath Grant, Bruce Kubu, and Bruce Taylor, et al., Body Armor Use, Care, and Performance in Real-World Conditions: Findings from a National Survey, Executive Summary, Police Executive Research Forum, Washington, November 1, 2012, p. vi, https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/240222.pdf, hereinafter “PERF, Body Armor Use, Care, and Performance in Real-World Conditions.” Ibid. 24 GAO body armor report, p. 33. 25 U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, National Institute of Justice, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor, NIJ Guide 100-01, NCJ 189633, November 2001, p. 60, https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/ 189633.pdf, hereinafter, “NIJ, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor.” GAO body armor report, p. 34. 27 GAO body armor report, p. 34. 28 NIJ, Selection and Application Guide to Personal Body Armor, p. 60. 29 Ibid., p. 61. 30 Ibid. Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers:

In Brief Congressional Research Service, 6 armor vest that is 10 years old may be perfectly acceptable for use. However, an armor vest that is only two or three years old, but has been worn regularly and poorly maintained might need to be replaced. Some law enforcement agencies have policies in place under which armor vests are automatically replaced after five years, but the NIJ warns that a replacement policy should be consistent with the way officers use their vests. Data from a survey of law enforcement officers conducted by PERF in 2012 suggests that law enforcement officers may not be properly caring for and maintaining their body armor and that law enforcement agencies may need to do more to ensure that their officers properly care for their armor vests. Notable findings from the study include the following:

  • Nearly 60% of law enforcement officers surveyed by PERF reported that they stored their body armor by hanging it on a clothes hanger, despite the fact that many manufacturers and department policies recommend that body armor should be stored flat to best sustain its performance in the long run.
  • A majority (65%) of surveyed law enforcement officers did not know that moisture reduces the ballistic protection afforded by (soft) body armor. Only 9% of law enforcement officers reported that their agency conducts inspections for proper maintenance of body armor.
  • Approximately 28% of law enforcement officers reported not receiving any training about care and maintenance of their body armor.
  • A majority of officers (59%) reported that they learned about how to care and maintain their vests from manufacturer-provided literature and manuals

General Lev III Armor Plate Data:

 

General Lev IV Armor Plate Data:

 

General Lev IIIA Soft Armor & Special Forces Helmet:

 

 

General Lev III+ "Dual-Armor" Hard Plates w/ Lev IIIA Soft Armor:

Although the "Dual-Armor" configuration will provide additional protection, it will of course NOT stop "Armor Piercing" rounds! 

The Dual-Armor configuration will, however, go a long way at spreading the bullets impact forces out over a larger area, which in turn means far fewer trauma forces getting directly through to the upper body, and hopefully keeping you in the fight.

Of course, the added Lev IIIA soft armor also fills in gaps around most hard armor plates, and around the sides of the body and will stop up to .44 Cal pistol threats. 

NIJ STANDARD 0101.06

NIJ THREAT LEVEL TEST BULLET BULLET WEIGHT REFERENCE VELOCITY MAXIMUM BFS DEPTH
IIA 9 mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
373 m/s
1225 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.40 S&W
FMJ
11.7 g
180 gr
352 m/s
1155 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
II 9mm
FMJ RN
8.0 g
124 gr
398 m/s
1305 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.357 Magnum
JSP
10.2 g
158 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
IIIA .357 SIG
FMJ FN
8.1 g
125 gr
448 m/s
1470 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
.44 Magnum
SJHP
15.6 g
240 gr
436 m/s
1430 ft/s
44 mm
1.73 in
III 7.62 mm
NATO FMJ
9.6 g
147 gr
847 m/s 44 mm
1.73 in
IV .30 Caliber
M2 AP
10.8 g
166 gr
878 m/s 44 mm
1.73 in